Pediatric Fluid Warmers Can Save Lives

The body’s ideal temperature is between 95-100 degrees Fahrenheit, which is also the ideal temperature for fluids that it receives by infusion. From pediatric clinics to wartime medical tents, keeping intravenous fluids warm has presented a challenge, one that has been solved with the invention of special warming devices. To keep fluid warm, doctors can use portable devices that ensure a temperature of at least 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Referred to as warmers and fluid warmers, these devices are more than a convenience. In many cases, they have saved someone’s life.

The Effects of Hypothermia

Often thought of as a condition that results solely from cold exposure, hypothermia is technically defined as “having a dangerously low body temperature,” which can result from more than cold exposure. In fact, 65 percent of surgical patients experience hypothermia due the cooling effect of anesthetics and the administration of cold intravenous fluids. Hypothermia also affects those who receive cold infusions while en route to the emergency room.

In clinical settings, hypothermia is associated with increased risk of infection, increased blood loss during surgery and increased risk of heart injury, and is thus associated with additional medical tests, additional surgical procedures and ultimately, longer hospital stays. In addition to being potentially deadly, hypothermia can also leave patients with higher medical bills..

Implementing Pediatric Fluid Warmers

Dangerous for adults, hypothermia and its risk factors can be fatal for infants, whose developing immune systems, poor temperature control and small body mass predispose them to the condition. Along with the elderly and the homeless, infants are one of the groups most at risk for hypothermic death-a risk that can be mitigated with the implementation of pediatric fluid warmers.

In 2010, a stunning 1.8 million hospital infusions administered were not administered warm, and almost no pre-hospital EMS infusions were warm. Considering the affordability, portability and improved functionality of the IV fluid warmer, its absence in today’s hospitals is more than a curiosity; it is also a tragedy.

Unlike equipment that requires significant capital investment, careful integration with existing equipment, and even adjustments to a facility’s electrical system, fluid warmers are affordable, easy to implement and result in no collateral cost upon implementation.

Insufficient Warming Techniques

Physicians know that blankets, warm beverages and warm environments provide insufficient warmth for patients whose body temperature is below 95 degrees Fahrenheit. And the more their temperature drops, the more insufficient these methods become. In addition to preventing post-surgical hypothermia, IV warmers help to stabilize body temperature in a short period of time-a critical benefit for infants and children who need immediate surgery following blood loss.

IV warmers use simple technology to address a complex need: warming the body quickly and/or sustaining its warmth, particularly before, during and after surgery. Until now, their transition from a hospital technology to an EMS technology has been slow. But with new warmers that reduce warm up time to 30 seconds, weigh less than 10 ounces, and run on batteries, EMS units are increasingly delivering warm infusions instead of cold ones.

MCSE Distributed File System

A Distributed File System (DFS) is a file structure that facilitates sharing of data files and resources by means of consistent storage across a network. The earliest file servers were designed in the 1970s. Following its inception in 1985, Sun’s Network File System (NFS) eventually became the foremost commonly used distributed file system. Aside from NFS, significantly distributed file systems are Common Internet File System (CIFS) and Andrew file system (AFS).

The DFS or Microsoft Distributed File System is an arranged client and server solution that enable a large organization to manage numerous allocated shared file within a distributed file system. It delivers site transparency and redundancy to enhance data accessibility in the midst of a breakdown or extreme load by permitting shares in a number of various locations to be logically arranged under a DFS root or a single folder.

It is a client/server-based service that permits individuals to directly access and process files located on the hosting server as if it had been on their personal computer. Every time an individual access a data on the server, the server transmits a copy of the data file, which is cache on the user’s personal computer while the information is being processed which is subsequently returned to the server.

Whenever individuals attempt to gain access to a share found off the DFS root, the individual is actually going through a DFS link allowing the DFS server to automatically re-direct it to the appropriate share and file server.

There can be two methods for utilizing DFS on a Windows Server:

A Standalone or Distinct DFS root provides you with a DFS root found only on the local computer, which therefore does not make use of Active Directory. A Standalone DFS can only be accessed on the local PC where it was made. It does not feature any kind of fault tolerance and could not be connected to any other DFS.

Domain-based DFS roots can be found within Active Directory which enables you to have their information and facts distributed to any number of domain controllers located in the domain; this provides you with fault tolerance to DFS. DFS roots that can be found on a domain needs to be hosted on a domain controller. This is to make sure that links with identical target get hold of all their duplicated data through the network. The file and root data is replicated by means of the Microsoft File Replication Service (FRS).

Advantages of DFS

1. Easy accessibility: individuals do not need to be aware of various locations from where they acquire data. Simply by remembering a single location they will have access to the data.

2. Fail Tolerance: for master DFS hosting server it is possible to obtain a duplicate (Target) on yet another DFS Server. With the help of the master DFS server end users are still able to continue on accessing the data from a back-up DFS (Target). There is absolutely no interruption in being able to access information.

3. Load Balancing: in the event that all of the DFS root servers and targets are operating in good condition, it results in Load balancing. This is often accomplished by indicating locations for different users.

4. Security and safety: By making use of the NTFS configuration, security is put into practice.

Linux Training Online – Using the Linux CD Command to Change Directory – Linux System Administration

As a new user looking for Linux training, you need to learn how to use commands. And one of the most commonly used file system commands is the CD (change directory) command.

Using the Linux CD Command

The CD (change directory) command is used to change from your current directory (folder) into a different directory.

You need to change into a directory to do Linux administration tasks like:

  • create a new file or remove an existing file
  • copy or move a file to a different directory
  • edit and modify a file, such as a text configuration file for a Linux server
  • create a new directory or remove an existing directory
  • copy or move a directory to a different directory

Linux Commands Training Tips: The System Administration commands, examples and concepts covered here apply to ALL Linux distributions, including: Red Hat, Fedora, Ubuntu, Edubuntu, Kubuntu, Slackware, Debian, SUSE and openSUSE.

Linux CD Command Example – Changing into a Directory Below the Current Directory

To change directory into a directory “below” the current one, you type in CD and a space and the name of the directory you want to change into.

For example, to change into a directory named “letters”, you run the following:

$ CD letters

To change into a different directory, just replace “letters” with a different name.

Linux Training Tips: A directory inside the current one is considered “below” the current directory, and is called a sub directory.

Linux CD Command Example – Changing Up One Directory (Level)

To change directory up one directory (level), you type in CD and a space and then two dots (periods).

For example, if you have moved into the directory named “letters” and want to go back (up) to your previous directory, you run the following:

$ CD ..

Linux Training Tips: The directory above the current one is also called the “parent”.

Beyond This “Linux Training Online” ArticleThe Linux CD command is used in many other ways to navigate around the file system.

To continue your Linux training, you also need to learn how to use the CD command to: change to the root directory, change using an absolute path, and also easily change into a directory parallel to the current directory.

You can clearly and easily see all of the concepts and commands shown above (and lots more!) by watching a Linux training video.

With this method of Linux training, you can see how to use a command step-by-step and also hear how to run the command. This is a very easy way to learn how to use Linux.